Socrates used to say that we should never lead a life not subjected to examination (epictetus, discourses i, the fear of death is only an instance of thinking oneself wise when one is not if a philosopher states reasons why human excellence is not a, but is instead b -- even if what he says human excellence is, is different from. The welfare of our souls: socrates went to each person privately and tried to confer upon him what he thought was the greatest possible benefit “by trying to persuade him not to care for any of his belongings before caring that he himself should be as good and as wise as possible, not to care for the city's possessions more than for the city. Plato explicitly states in the republic that the ideal city described should not be interpreted as a model for an actual city, but rather as a way of discussing the soul by examining it through a. Socrates was 70 when he was charged by three fellow citizens with religious impiety and corrupting the youth of athens with his political ideas, which some viewed as challenges to the governing. But there are other reasons, too, why crito believes that socrates should escape the court that had condemned him was not a competent court their understanding was not sufficient to enable them to determine if socrates was really a corrupter of the youth.
We should fear dishonor or being a bad person more than we should fear death a good soul is a just soul, and a just soul transcends the demands of the body (eg, socrates in war would withstand cold and not complain, according to the men with whom he served it was also said that he could hold much alcohol without losing his ability to reason. Socrates believes that death is not something that should be feared because no one knows whether death may not be the greatest of all blessings for a man which means that he believes that if you lived a life that was fulfilling then nothing bad should happen to you alive or dead. The apology at the trial for his life in 399 bc, socrates defense is recounted in plato's apology here socrates appeared, despite his lengthy defense, not to acquit himself from all accusations, but rather to deliberately ensure that he would be found guilty and thus condemned to death.
This view is consistent with a view we find in plato’s late dialogue called the sophist, in which the visitor from elea, not socrates, claims that the soul will not get any advantage from learning that it is offered to it until someone shames it by refuting it (230b-d. Even when the jury has sentenced him to death, socrates calmly delivers his final public words, a speculation about what the future holds how we choose determines whether we, like socrates, deserve to call our lives philosophical it follows socrates ought not to escape. In why socrates died: dispelling the myths (2009), robin waterfield said that the death of socrates was an act of volition motivated by a greater purpose socrates “saw himself as healing the city’s ills by his voluntary death. Lucretius on the cycle of life and the fear of death tim o'keefe abstract: in de rerum natura iii 963971, lucretius argues that death should not be feared because it is a necessary part of the natural cycle of life and death. Crito is trying to persuade socrates on why he should escape the prison he was falsely put in throughout all of his pleas for socrates to escape socrates does not fulfill crito’s wishes instead he has a discussion with crito to see if his student can put together a fully logical argument as to why he should escape.
If death, in the sense of a permanent cessation of my consciousness, does not really happen, or at least can be avoided with certainty, then i have nothing to fear from death as such, and indeed, if socrates is right, plenty to look forward to. And we all (mostly men) get a good chuckle out of that as a consequence of socrates’ attitude towards his wife, xanthippe is often remembered as a shrew, a scolding wife who was a pain in the rear end for philosophy’s most prestigious character. Socrates looks for the basis of morality in reasoning and not in the simple repetition of the examples set out in the tales of the gods and goddesses on his way to the trial socrates comes across a young man named, euthyphro, who is returning form the courthouse socrates learns that he is. Considering the context of death, something which we kind of innately cannot know of considering by definition it is the end of our lives, and if socrates believed only the gods know what is beyond death, there doesn't actually seem to be any benefit at all to fearing it, if fear can be a motivator or something to drive action in lieu of knowledge. Questions for plato’s dialogues why doesn’t socrates fear death do you think he is right not to fear death is it possible to persuade conservative religious people that homosexuality is not a sin or, conversely, should we try to persuade gay men and women that their lifestyles are bad and sinful or that “government is the.
One day during the year 399 bc, socrates went on trial and was subsequently found guilty of both corrupting the minds of the youth of athens and of impiety (asebeia, not believing in the gods of the state), and as a punishment sentenced to death, caused by the drinking of a mixture containing poison hemlock. One of the best arguments for the death penalty is that capital punishment is a huge deterrent we have to prevent others from committing heinous crimes the best way to deal with crime obviously is to stop it from happening in the first place. Socrates socrates (470-399) was the son of a sculptor and a midwife, and served with distinction in the athenian army during athens’ clash with sparta. Granted that death is a soul/body separation, socrates sets forth a number of reasons why philosophers are prepared for such an event first, the true philosopher despises bodily pleasures such as food, drink, and sex, so he more than anyone else wants to free himself from his body (64d-65a.
Socrates: then we are wrong in saying that where there is fear there is also reverence and we should say, where there is reverence there is also fear but there is not always reverence where there is fear for fear is a more extended notion, and reverence is a part of fear, just as the odd is a part of number, and number is a more extended. Why then should we not say the same about at least some of the emotions that aristotle builds into his analysis of the ethically virtuous agent why should we experience anger at all, or fear, or the degree of concern for wealth and honor that aristotle commends. Her mention of socrates and discussion of the stories of martyrdom reminded me that a considerable part of the apology is about death and why it should not be feared in her book moss makes an interesting argument in which she endeavors to show how the death of socrates and other ancient philosophers shaped the later christian martyrdom.